The objective of this article is to help you recognize the way in which depression expresses itself through demotivation and sadness , and how it intervenes in therapy to reduce its strength.
Characteristics of depression
Depression is one of the mental disorders that most affect the population in Western countries , and it is estimated that in these nations the percentage of people who will develop it at some point in life is between 8 and 15%.
However, unfortunately many of these cases do not have to be diagnosed, and there are even those who do not go to mental health professionals because they do not know how to differentiate between simple emotional distress and depression.
The truth is that difficulties in correctly identifying emotions and feelings create problems with any mood disorder, and in the case of depression, this psychological state is often “labeled” as simple sadness and lack of motivation.
Although it is true that in a summarized way these two terms can cover a good part of the effects of this alteration, it must be understood that depression is more than that.
Demotivation and sadness as facets of depression
Let’s start by looking at how we can distinguish between simple demotivation and sadness and their “versions” in depression.
Sadness that is not associated with a psychological disorder is a state of mind that is usually difficult to objectify, but that is usually expressed in a review of ideas about why the present is unfavorable for you and says negative things about yourself ,
as well as in a melancholic fixation on past moments that are considered better than the here and now.
It is a psychological state in which the feeling of guilt and regret are very frequent and in which emotionally painful comparisons generally predominate: comparisons between oneself and others, between past and present, between past and the (supposed) future, etc.
On the other hand, most people are able to identify the reason or reasons why they are sad : a bad test result, a love break, the death of a loved one, the longing for a happy childhood that contrasts a lot with the present, etc.
In addition, sadness often goes hand in hand with crying and a feeling of strong fatigue, that one is “out of combat”, which leads to giving up improving the situation,
something that distinguishes it from other forms of negative emotionality such for example anxiety . In any case, in the vast majority of cases the sadness disappears in a period of a few days or weeks.
The sadness that arises associated with the depression disorder presents some differences that are worth knowing. First, its duration and consistency over time is greater.
It is true that a person with depression an Lack of motivation in depression does not usually stay for several months experiencing exactly the same emotional state, but in general it remains significantly low during this time .
On the other hand, although there is not always frequent crying, negative thoughts about the present and the future are common and a feeling of hopelessness arises, that nothing will change for the better.
Lack of motivation in depression
Demotivation is usually understood as a lack of predisposition to participate in activities, and the inability to get excited about projects that should be important to the person.
This psychological state translates into procrastination (the tendency to leave the responsibilities that must be attended to as soon as possible), frustration at not knowing what to do, and a passive attitude, so that others have to take the initiative.
In depression, demotivation is more than just a lack of interest . In many cases, it consists of a genuine inability to feel pleasure and even anticipatory pleasure, and it is also very common to experience intense psychological fatigue.
In this state, the person can only aspire to carry out the most important activities, and sometimes not even those: it is common to fall into hygiene problems, social relationships with friends and often also with family are weakened, etc.
In turn, this lifestyle enhances feelings of sadness and hopelessness , so that the problem feeds on itself … unless you decide to combat depression by going to the root of the disorder.
You may be interested: ” Demotivation: what is it and what are its types? ” What is done in therapy against this low state of mind? Psychology professionals are trained to train patients with depression in habits and thought patterns that weaken this mood disorder .
The objective is to help you generate situations by yourself capable of breaking this vicious cycle of demotivation and negative thoughts, to gain autonomy and to be able to experience happiness again. Plus, all this without the side effects of drug treatments.
Self-confinement in the new normal: associated personality factors These are the personality factors that predispose us to excessive self-confinement.
Despite the State of Alarm having been lifted several months ago, the threat of COVID-19 is still present in our lives . This has caused many people to experience a kind of “self-confinement”, as a consequence of the fear of being infected.
Said “self-confinement” is nothing more than an attempt to control “the uncontrollable . ” Some examples of this “self-confinement” consist of: leaving home only for the “essential”, not using public transport,
not traveling or going on vacation, not meeting anyone, not going to any bar or restaurant or public swimming pool or beach, disinfect everything and wash their hands or apply excess hydroalcoholic gel,
which often ends up causing dermatological problems, wearing a mask even if they go alone in the car, etc.
Now, what factors or personality traits influence a person to develop the recently called “cabin syndrome” by many?
Personality factors linked to self-confinement
These are the patterns of behavior that generate a predisposition to self-confine in an almost obsessive way.
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1. They are people who are very afraid of “losing control”
They think that “something terrible” will happen if this happens. Lear more about Lack of motivation in depression visit here.
2. They do not tolerate uncertainty
They experience it as a threat, since they feel as if they are “walking on quicksand” or “eggshells” and that makes them insecure.
3. They are always activated in the face of danger
Due to this high need for control, they anticipate situations that they consider potentially dangerous , in order to face them, in the event that they end up occurring. And they tend to “over information.”
4. They are usually very conservative
They find it difficult to adapt to changes or unforeseen situations and routine gives them security.
5. Their way of thinking is often rigid or inflexible
His way of thinking usually occurs in terms of “all or nothing”, not contemplating the “grays” or “half measures”.
6. They need a script to follow in the different situations they face
This occurs because, frequently, they distrust their own criteria and tend to act according to “what is expected” socially.
7. They distrust
Generally, they tend to have a feeling of suspicion or distrust towards the world and / or towards others , considering it as a threatening place full of dangers.
Actually, we could say that his vision is more realistic than that of other people. Since, most of us are subject to the so-called “positivity bias”, which consists of seeing the world as a safer and less dangerous place than it really is.
8. They have a high sense of responsibility
They place a lot of emphasis on morality, taking others into account too much, which often causes them to get to the point of neglecting themselves, establishing a rigid barrier between what they consider to be “fine” and “is evil”.
You may be interested: “What is morality? Discovering the development of ethics in childhood”
9. They tend to be very perfectionists
They have a high level of self-demand and self-sacrifice towards the common good . Using frequently expressions such as: “Should”, “should”, etc.
10. They tend to hypochondria
At times, they tend to be apprehensive and hypochondriacal, which causes them to be too aware of their bodily sensations, amplifying them in many situations.
11. They are usually introverts
That is, in many cases they have a wide “internal world” and a great capacity for imagination, who enjoy and tolerate solitude well, so they need less external stimuli or social relationships than other people.
12. They go around a lot
They show a tendency to become obsessed at times and give great importance to their thoughts, sometimes equating them to actions or facts. Lack of motivation in depression They are also often “superstitious” and believe that if they think something, this may eventually end up happening.
13. Your thinking is usually more concrete
They tend to feel anxious about the possibility that some kind of misunderstanding may occur, they like “things to be clear” , often using expressions such as: “things are clear and thick chocolate”, “to bread, bread and wine , came ”not liking double meanings or ambiguous messages and often taking things“ at face value ”.
14. They tend to be submissive to authority
They tend to abide by the rules and mandates of people, hierarchically, above them without questioning them.
15. They do not distinguish between the possible and the probable
That is, they think that if something is possible, it will probably end up happening.
Their usual state is usually hyper vigilance. This causes them permanent difficulty or inability to relax , faced with the possibility that some danger or external situation catches them off guard and they cannot avoid it.
16. They are prone to catastrophic thoughts
They end up, almost always, at worst. They often use expressions such as: “what if …”, “think wrong and you will be right”, etc.
17. They struggle to ask for and receive help
This makes them feel vulnerable . They also tend to distrust the help of others and do not like to “bother” either.
18. They tend to flee conflict situations
They prefer to avoid conflict, in general, for fear of getting angry and eventually losing control.
And before the possibility that others get angry with them, for fear of rejection or abandonment, or suffering some kind of damage from them.
19. The phenomenon “self-fulfilling prophecy” is created
Sometimes, the anxiety that uncertainty generates is so high that they do not tolerate it and end up “losing control” , being able to go to the opposite extreme,
which, paradoxically, can cause them to expose themselves to risky and dangerous situations, reinforcing This is the fear of losing control.